Anushka Pathak, Mumbai Uncensored, 22nd March 2022:
In another attack against the minority Hindu community in Pakistan, an 18-year-old girl named Pooja Kumari Oad has been shot dead in Rohri, Sukkur, which comes in the Sindh province of Pakistan after the attackers failed in their attempt to kidnap her.
According to Pakistani reporter Naila Inayat, the attacker Wahid Lashari tried to abduct Pooja and shot her dead when she resisted the attempt.
The People’s Commission for Minorities Rights and the Center for Social Justice, in a statement, said, the attackers first tried to kidnap Pooja on the road and when she protested, they shot her in the middle of the street. Every year women belonging to minority communities, especially in Sindh, are abducted and forcibly converted by religious extremists.
Hindus are a minority in the Islamic nation of Pakistan. Hate crimes, especially against women, take place in the form of abductions, rapes, forced conversions and marriages, and murder. According to the People’s Commission for Minorities’ Rights and the Center for Social Justice, 156 incidents of forced conversions took place between 2013 and 2019, it said.
A bill criminalizing forced conversions was introduced in Pakistan in 2019. However, due to strong protests and demonstrations, the law could not be enacted. As a result, even today, the painful process of “change your religion or die” continues and the minorities have to face the repercussions.
Pakistan’s civil society does not seem to care for the sufferings of the Hindu families whose daughters are abducted, forcibly converted, and married off to older Muslim men. Most Hindu families live in poverty and hence cannot afford legal services.
A field investigation report by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in 2019 has reiterated a harsh reality that was already known for far too long—minorities in Pakistan live under constant fear of persecution as the criminals enjoy support from the influential section of the society, fundings from political leaders and protection from the court. In a lot of cases, the courts have empowered the culprits responsible for abducting and forcibly converting the Hindu and Christian minorities.
For this particular reason, the Citizenship Amendment Act alias CAA was passed in India in December 2019 for providing citizenship to persecuted religious minorities like Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. Although its implementation has not started yet, it comes as a ray of hope for the minorities. The law does not provide citizenship to Muslims as the countries have a majority population of Muslims who enjoy all the rights and powers given to them by their respective governments.
India saw a nationwide protest against the CAA law, especially in Delhi’s Shaheen Bagh, stating the law discriminates on the basis of an individual’s religion. The aftermath of the protests was horrible as clashes broke out between the Hindu and Muslim communities and a number of people lost their lives including Head Constable Ratan Lal and IB officer Ankit Sharma. Ten people including Aam Aadmi Party’s councilor Tahir Hussain were arrested for the deep-rooted conspiracy and murder. The police investigation had also revealed that Tahir Hussain played a key role in the Delhi riots of February 2020.
Gunman shot dead after killing three in Indiana Mall
Khushi Thapa, 18th July 2022:
Three people were killed after a gunman began firing in the food court of a mall near Indianapolis on Sunday, according to Greenwood Police Chief Jim Ison. The shooter was then shot and killed by a bystander.
The attack happened in the early evening at Greenwood Park Mall, according to the Indianapolis Star, and two other people were hurt.
“The real hero of the day is the citizen that was lawfully carrying a firearm in that food court and was able to stop the shooter almost as soon as he began,” Ison told reporters. He identified the armed bystander as a 22-year-old male.
According to the newspaper, the gunman was alone and had a firearm and numerous magazines of ammunition.
The names of the victims, the shooter, and the bystander were withheld by the police. At the sound of gunfire, shoppers and mall personnel fled or concealed themselves.
Why Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi has suddenly decided to resign?
Tista Karmakar, Mumbai Uncensored, 16th July 2022:
The Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi has announced that he will resign from his position after the Five Star Movement (M5S) on Thursday July 14 hinting at a political crisis paving its way for early elections.
To his statement Mr. Draghi said, “The pact of trust underlying the government has failed. In recent days there has been the utmost commitment on my part to continue on the common path, also trying to meet the needs that have been advanced to me by the political forces. As is evident from today’s debate and vote in parliament, this effort was not enough. From my inauguration speech I have always said that this executive would only go forward if there was a clear prospect of being able to carry out the government programme on which the political forces had voted their confidence. This compactness was fundamental to face the challenges of these months. These conditions no longer exist.”
In 2021 a surge of political change happened in response to the previous year’s COVID-19 pandemic crisis. The whole nation went through a state of emergency forced by the government of Guiseppe Conte, supported by the M5S, the Democratic Party (PD), a small left party, and Italia Viva. However, after the pandemic hit Italy, Matteo Renzi’s Italia Viva distanced itself from the government in December 2020 leading to its fall in February, 2021.
The former governor of the European Central Bank Mario Draghi led the establishment of a national unity government and was widely supported by all major party members except a post-fascist and a small left party.
The former European Central Bank chief Draghi has met the president, Sergio Mattarella over the issue of his resignation. However, Mr. Mattarella rejected Draghi’s resignation on Thursday night and at the same time advised him to address the parliament in order to get the support he needed.
Mr. Draghi has announced his resignation on Thursday after the populist coalition ally the M5S refused to support a key bill of the government. Reportedly the Draghi government formed in allyship of this populist, the left, the right, and the central parties in February 2021 right after Italy stumbled into the corona virus crisis.
Draghi and his government won a confidence vote of 172-39 to pass the bill in the Senate despite the M5S’s refusal. The bill provides support of 26 billion euros to the consumer and industries struggling with the energy crisis. The bill also included a provision for allowing the construction of a huge incinerator for Rome’s rubbish management project which was highly opposed by the M5S.
Mr. Draghi addressed the issue of the populist M5S’s disinterest in the bill by saying, “The majority of national unity that has sustained this government from its creation doesn’t exist any more.” To which the president advised Mr. Draghi to reach parliament in order to get the solid support he needs the most.
However, if Mr. Draghi fails to gain support from the parliament to carry out his economic reform, president Mattarella can call for an early election in late September since the current parliament’s term expires on 2023.
The M5S has lost its significance in the recent local elections and strolled in opinion polls. The populist party has also cleared their stance by being in opposition to the economic reform bill. A pro-Europe party leader said criticizing the M5S’s opposition, “is not like picking up a menu and deciding, antipasto, no, gelato, yes.” Whereas the Draghi government has been efficiently performing throughout the pandemic via the virtual medium. So, the Draghi government has become a pivotal figure in Europe amid the Russia-Ukraine war and the economic crisis. Some politicians say that Draghi’s decision to resign or not is important following the unfortunate departure of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. The whole of Europe will be looking after Italy in the coming weeks.
Comet K2 forced scientists to scratch their heads
Tanvi Kapila, Mumbai Uncensored, 16th July 2022:
An enormous comet nicknamed as K2 is twice the size of Mount Everest. Another aspect to be observed is that the comet has entered in the Solar system and was all set to fly by earth this week.
The most distant active comet, Comet K2, has intrigued scientists.
The first time this mega comet was discovered and came to notice was in 2017 by the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System(PanSTARRS), which also explains the comet’s full name Comet C.2017 K2 (PanSTARRS). The comet, however, at the time of discovery, was 2.4 Billion km away from the sun which is approximately 16 times farther than the distance between Earth and Sun. Scientists were shocked to discover that K2 already had a gaseous coma because comets, which are primarily composed of water ice, are typically thought to be as motionless and lifeless as rocks at this point in the solar system.
The official time for the Comet K2’s approach was 11:09 P.M. on 14 July 2022 EDT on Thursday (8:39 A.M. IST, Friday). Moreover, the fascinating fact about this gigantic comet is that its nucleus is estimated to be around 11 miles (18 kilometers) across – roughly ten times larger than most comets according to the Hubble Space Telescope. Additionally, the halo (atmosphere) or coma has a diameter of around 81,000 miles (130,000 kilometers). It traveled 270 million kilometers (168 million miles) away from Earth (beyond the orbit of Mars). Many were able to catch glimpse of the comet through their telescopes and the pictures surfaced across the internet.
The next sight of the comet is predicted in December 2022 approaching closest to the sun and will grow brighter.
However, debates are ongoing about the right size of the comet between scientists and will continue to be so.
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