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The alarming state of BMC’s Marathi medium schools in Mumbai.

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Shashwat Mishra, Mumbai Uncensored.

BMC’s Marathi Medium Schools currently are facing an existential crisis in the city of Mumbai. The following conclusion has been highlighted by Praja Foundation in its White Paper released in December 2016, which has pointed out that the number of students in Marathi Medium Schools has declined from 1,16,086 in 2011-2012 to 71,454 in 2015-16. If we talk about the decline in a total number of enrolments in Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, (MCGM) schools then it has decreased by 31% from 2014-15 to 2018-19. What is interesting to note here is that while the enrolments in Marathi medium schools are declining, there is a significant increase in the enrolment rate in other private schools which is about 182%, from 2014-15 to 2018-19.

According to the teachers, management and other public-spirited citizens who are fighting for Marathi medium education have alleged that these schools are in such a poor condition owing to the government’s discriminatory policies. Another opinion raised by such individuals is that due to the current perception of these municipal schools and parents’ attraction towards English medium schools the enrolments are declining. However, the major point here is the lack of government policies to revive and revamp such municipal schools.

Aam Aadmi Party’s Mumbai working President Mr. Ruben Mascarenhas has provided his detailed insight into the current state of municipal schools and BMC’s management, he has also provided solutions which can be implemented to improve the current situation, he says, “Shiv Sena-led BMC is singlehandedly responsible for the dismal state of education in Mumbai in general, and schools in particular. In an AAP governed state like Delhi, we’ve allocated 26% of INR 69,000 Crores of our budget to education, as compared to a mere 7.5% of 39,000 crores by the BMC in Mumbai; this is lesser when compared in both, absolute and percentage terms. BMC schools, in general, remain in a state of neglect – due to suboptimal infrastructure, no investment towards teacher training, no effort towards improving the learning outcomes of students, or measuring them. For example, playgrounds, libraries, and computer labs are missing in schools. BMC schools are shutting down and its prime real estate is being repurposed for other uses. As per Praja, there will be no students studying at BMC schools by 2028.

What is clearly evident in the last 30 years of the Shiv Sena’s misrule in the BMC, is its poor standards of governance, and misplaced priorities. To begin with, it simply doesn’t have the will to think status quo and work towards better public service delivery when it comes to education, simply because of deeply entrenched interests – which are a fountainhead of both, wholesale and retail corruption. Merely rebranding schools and building a few highly affiliated schools here and there is a band-aid approach towards solving the larger disease of a systematic failure of education under the BMC.

The situation requires solutions on multiple fronts, and some of the said solutions are as follows:

1. The immediate up-gradation of primary and secondary infrastructure of schools,

2. Attempts towards increasing enrolments in BMC schools using creative teaching and learning programs and incentives

3. Teacher training programs, and introduction of estate managers to reduce administrative duties of the teaching staff

4. Execution of programs towards improved learning outcomes for children and their measurement, so as to ensure quality education.”

After the introduction of the Right to Education Act, 2009, it has been mandated that schools cannot run without the approval of the concerned department. One of the owners of Marathi medium schools pointed out that. “With no aid or approval from the government, the schools don’t have the means to continue running,” said the owner of a Marathi medium school. He added, “Teachers and principals are spending money from their own pockets to keep some of them afloat.”

On the contrary, English medium schools get speedy approval as pointed out by Girish Samant, a trustee of the AB Goregaonkar School, a Marathi medium school. He further pointed out, “The education department has now completely stopped grant approval to new Marathi medium schools. Some of these schools have been vying for permissions since 2012. Both BMC and the state government are on a campaign to save money. They seem to be least bothered about Marathi medium schools shutting down. Since the past decade, they have made things difficult for the management and staff of Marathi medium schools”. This issue is also important as the current government with Shiv Sena at the helm is known for its “Marathi Manus” image and has been forever campaigning on this issue, pointed out by Sunil Shejule, co-ordinator of Marathi Shala Sansthachalak Sangh.

Mrs. Rakhee Sunil (Social Worker), points out that, “the number of Marathi schools have drastically reduced and even more alarming is the rate of students who have shifted from Marathi medium to English medium. One of the main reasons for this is the inclination of parents towards English medium schools. They want their children to study in English medium schools, as they feel that the job opportunities will be more if they study in English medium. Also, the infrastructure and education in many Marathi schools need a lot of upgradation. Trusts which are also running schools feel that English medium will flourish more than Marathi medium schools. As a social worker I work with schools, I have seen many Marathi medium schools being shut down due to a lack of students.  New admissions are very negligible and hence it is not feasible to continue. Rigid Governmental rules are also partially responsible for the same.”

Amidst all of this, the stats and numbers surely suggest that Marathi medium schools are in dire need of a revival, in the past decade 133 Marathi medium schools have shut down, furthermore, between 2010-11 to 2019-2020, the number of students in Marathi medium schools has declined by 67,033. The reports suggest a gloomy situation, and prompt action by the government is what may be the right step in this direction.

Education

Career In Waste Management

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Kamaljeet Singh – Mumbai Uncensored, 6th June 2022

The world population is increasing day by day. Which has made things unmanaged and the demand for various daily used things is increasing too. However, this has made it necessary for humans to work on such things. Today’s human activities are not meeting the needs of the future generation. Therefore, to be sustainable and think for the future generation. Initiatives like waste management will keep the human on the earth to be sustainable enough. Career in waste management will help all those students and the job seekers. 

Careers in waste management or just waste management include both liquid and solid waste. Those are looking for an opportunity to work as a waste management professional or waste management officer. Therefore, they would need to have a good number of study certificates. Which will open doors for all professionals that want to work as a waste management officer.

What is waste management? 

Waste management is to put all those wasted things that are being produced by humans on a daily basis. This waste management includes several things such as food, plastic bottles, pollethins and various other things. Those are being used by us on a daily basis. However, all this and increasing the dumping ground areas in various metro cities like Delhi and other. This human waste is being transformed into an opportunity for entrepreneurs as a business and students as a career. Government bodies or think tanks have worked on this. There are various courses available that the government is providing to students.

This has no doubt that waste management has created an opportunity for professionals and blue collar people for a career. Career in waste management will bring together the transportation, staff for short out and decision makers.

What One Has To Do To Pursue A Career In Waste Management?

The person that wants to have his or her career in waste management. They have to have compulsory subjects in 11th and 12th. A student needs to have the following subjects: Science stream with Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, and English.ṣ

Process For Waste Management

The process for waste management includes mainly six steps. Then which will become worth using for particular things. Below is the process to make waste useful and save our planet from making it a dumping ground. 

Step 1: Waste

Step 2: Collection

Step 3: Segregation

Step 4: Transportation

Step 5: Treatment

Step 6: Disposal

So, these are the steps of waste management. This system has been adopted by a number of people in this profession of waste management system.

What Is E-Waste Management?

E-waste management is the waste of all electronic equipment. There are a plethora of such devices or daily used equipment. That we throw away such mobile phones, computers (motherboard) and other various things. All that is e-waste and devices like mobile phones have material like gold and silver. Which most individuals use to collect and make money from them. So, this is how waste management has become a great source or career in waste management.ṣ 

How One Will Get A Job In Waste Management?

To have a career in waste management one can choose to go in the following places. Career in waste management has a wider option nowadays. Because this has become the global need to transform tons of waste worth using or recycling the waste. 

  • He or she can choose to go into non-profit conservation projects by individuals.
  • They make their career in government companies. 
  • Industrial organisations. 
  • Choose consultancies for your career in waste management. 
  • There are several environmental agencies that are providing job opportunities.

These are some of places where career seekers in waste management can choose to go. Nevertheless, individuals choose to go for a startup in waste management. And for that we all have seen a plethora of stories. Those have changed the whole style to make the waste into various things.
Example: Last time we saw a story, where a company called Gjange used waste plastic and converted it into bricks. How great is the idea. And these are the initiatives that will save the planet from being dumping grounds and let the world meet sustainable goals.

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Education

Geetanjali Shree wins the prestigious International Booker Prize 2022 for her Novel ‘The Tomb of Sand’

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Becomes the First Indian to achieve this Global Landmark.

Shobhit Chandola – Mumbai Uncensored, 31st May 2022

Who is the Overnight Global Sensation Geetanjali Shree?  Why the lack of praise from the Centre?

From the Longlist to the Shortlist, & from Shortlist to the Winner. This was nothing but the Upshot of the International Booker Prize 2022 whereby the Indian Author ‘Geetanjali Shree’ wrote history as her Novel – ‘Ret Samadhi’ (2018 ) translated in English by ‘Daisy Rockwell’ was awarded the prestigious award on 26th May,2022 at Guildhall, London (England ). In the Final run, the ‘Tomb of Sand’ was victorious over ‘The Books of Jacob’, a polish novel by ‘Olga Tokarczuk’. Both the winners are now entitled to £50,000 prize to be shared equally as author and translator respectively.

It can be hailed as a well deserved recognition to Geetanjali Shree as this indeed a big boost to the literary transitions in India.

Speaking on her achievement in the acceptance speech to the Press Trust of India, Geetanjali Shree said it to be the dream come true as she never thought, never dreamt of being Booker Prizeholder. The facts get more surreal as the Author’s work was published almost 4 years ago in 2018 but found immense recognition once the translator Daisy Rockwell made it go global with English. Geetanjali said –  “What a huge recognition. I am amazed, delighted, honoured and humbled.” She added that Behind her and this book lies a rich and flourishing literary tradition in Contemporary Hindi literature and other South asian languages whose works are yet to be recognized on a large scale.

About Geetanjali Shree

Geetanjali Shree aka Geetanjali Pandey is a Delhi based novelist and short story writer who primarily writes in Hindi & contributes to Hindi & Urdu Literature. An Alumni  of Delhi University & JNU, she has written 5 novels till now and is a promising Indian Liberal in the International writer’s Consortium. Her major works include ‘Humara Sheher us baras’, ‘Khali Jagah’, ‘Mai’ and ‘Ret Samadhi’. 

As a writer Geetanjali Shree offers the readers with the enigmatic yet flamboyant style of writing. One shall find the essence of Indian literature, characters’ depth, successional run of the rhythm in the language, a mix blend of modern storytelling with mythological narration and the use of sardonicism / political satire making her distinct from the others. (Now the word Others in her case is subject to all the global contemporaries after the Booker prize and isn’t confined to Indian Hindi novelists).

       About Ret Samadhi / Tomb of Sand ( English )

Ret Samadhi is a family saga set in northern India about an 80-year-old woman who travels to Pakistan to confront the unresolved trauma of her teenage experiences of Partition. It re-evaluates what it means to be a mother, a daughter, a woman and a feminist.

An extract from ‘Ret Samadhi’

The result is a book that is a genuine and humorous take on the destructive impact of the borders of the nations on the people mostly in terms of Religion & gender.

Why BJP’s Spiral of Silence on ‘Ret Samadhi’ ?

There is no denial that the Central Government is always ahead in terms of praising the distinguished Indians who bring laurels to the country. But then, why the Ret Samadhi by an Indian novelist that too written in Hindi (which is the language dearest to the BJP and is often on cards to be termed national language by their leaders) doesn’t find the space in the mentions of the NDA ministers social media handles. Well, the obvious reason here looks like the rebellious work with respect to the craft and language of Geetanjali ji. Maybe the Central protagonist- Chandra Prabha Devi love interest being Pakistani with the backdrop of Partition Or the short stories with themes of Communalism. It could also be the author’s essay on Swaraj, secularism,demolition and riots on Hindu Muslim context which stands against the ultra nationalist stand of the government as far as the author’s left centric beliefs are concerned. But the question arises why Hardeep Singh Puri ( Housing & Petroleum minister ) looks like the sole congratulator from the council of BJP. If the Gold Medalist Neeraj Chopra has brought laurels in Sports at global level, so has Ms. Geetanjali Shree in literature. Then how come the government is prejudicial in nature. A simple recognition would be of no harm. Perhaps keeping aside the political stance for a while, it would be more unifying and pragmatic for the traditional diversity of the nation.

Up for More translated works of the Booker prize winning Novelist Geetanjali Pandey? Check out the clip below showcasing the Author’s translated books by @IndianNovelsCollective. 

Just to let our readers know that the International Booker Prize is the literary prize awarded every year to the single book of any other language translated into English & should not be confused with the Man Booker Prize which is awarded for Best Fictional Work written in English & published in the UK/Ireland. Arvind Adiga, Arundati Roy, Kiran Desai, Salman Rushdie & Kiran Desai are the Indian Authors felicitated with Man Booker Prize in  the past.

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Culture

‘चिमाजी आप्पा – एक अविस्मरणीय योद्धा’ : महेश नेने यांच्या कल्पनेतून चित्रपटाकडे…

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Akash Swarup Sonawane – Mumbai Uncennsored, 31th March 2022

महाराष्ट्राच्या इतिहासाशी जोडले गेलेले शूरवीर आणि त्यांच्या शौर्य गाथा ह्या कायमच अलिप्त राहिल्या किंवा केल्या गेल्या. परंतु त्यांच्या  आठवणी आणि बलिदान हे गडकिल्ले आणि वास्तूंच्या रुपात अजरामर आहेत. सध्याच्या काळात त्याही नेस्तनाभूत होताना आपण पाहत आहोत. गडकिल्ले आणि दुर्गांच्या अवस्था आपणास ठाऊक आहेतच. परंतु चित्रपट निर्माते महेश नेने आणि त्यांच्यासारखे अनेक इतिहासप्रेमी हे आपल्या वास्तूंचे आणि महाराष्ट्राला लाभलेल्या इतिहासाचे संवर्धन आपल्या परीने कायमच करत असतात. 

हिंदवी स्वराज्याचे आणि मराठा साम्राज्याचे मानले जाणारे दुसरे शिलेदार म्हणजेच श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे आणि पेशवाई काळातील त्यांचे योगदान हे छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराजांनंतरचा एक महत्वाचा इतिहास मानला जातो. पोर्तुगीज आणि निझामशाही च्या विरोधात उत्तरेकडील मोहीम तसेच कोकण मोहीमेसाठी स्वराज्यात आपले अमूल्य योगदान निर्माण केलेले श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे यांचे धाकटे बंधू चिमाजी आप्पा आपल्या कोकण मोहिमेतील वसई किल्ल्याच्या लढ्यामुळे कायम स्मृतीस राहतात. 

निर्माते महेश नेने हे वसई किल्ला येथे भेट देण्यास गेले असता, तेथील किल्याची दुरावस्था पाहता महाराष्ट्राच्या इतिहासासाठी त्यांच्या भावना जागृत होऊन त्यांनी चिमाजी आप्पा यांच्या योगदानाची आठवण करुन देणारा एक चित्रपट करण्याचे ठरवले आणि सुरुवात झाली ‘चिमाजी आप्पा – एक अविस्मरणीय योद्धा’ चित्रपटाच्या रुपेरी पडद्याकडील प्रवासाची.. 

मुंबई अनसेंसर्ड कडे चिमाजी आप्पा या चित्रपटाबद्दल मनोगत व्यक्त करताना निर्माते महेश नेने सांगतात.. 

“मला गड किल्ल्यांची आणि इतिहासाची आवड असल्यामुळे जेव्हा जेव्हा संधी मिळायची आणि मिळते तेव्हा तेव्हा मी वेगवेगळ्या किल्ल्यांवर जातो आणि त्या किल्ल्यांच्या इतिहासात डोकावण्याचा प्रयत्न करतो. असेच मनात आले आणि मी वसईच्या किल्ल्यावर जाण्याचा बेत आखला आणि मी वसईच्या किल्ल्याचा रस्ता धरला”

“का कोणास ठाऊक, पण किल्ला फिरताना त्या किल्ल्याच्या तुटलेल्या भिंती आणि मोडकळीस आलेले बुरुज बघुन मन विषण्ण झाले आणि हळू हळू त्या किल्ल्याचा इतिहास डोळ्यासमोरुन सरकू लागला मन इतिहासाकडे केव्हा वळले कळलेच नाही. आणि धर्म लढ्याचे चलचित्र डोळ्यासमोर सुरु झाले.”

“आत्ताची किल्ल्याची झालेली दुरावस्था, तिकडे येणारे लोक, त्यांची ती मजा मस्ती अश्लिल चाळे बघुन शरीराची लाही लाही झाली. कारण असे की, त्या किल्ल्याचा इतिहास लोकांना माहीत नाही. त्या किल्ल्याचे महत्व ते जाणत नव्हते कारण आपल्या इतिहासात काही  गोष्टींना महत्वच दिले गेले नाही. हा किल्ला जिंकण्यासाठी मराठ्यांना किती हाल सोसावे लागले याची कल्पना नाही. किती मराठे मारले गेले, कित्येक कुटुंब उधवस्त झाली, किती रक्ताचे पाट वाहिले ह्याची कल्पना त्या लोकांना नव्हती आणि नेमके त्याच वेळी हा इतिहास लोकांसमोर आणायचे मी ठरवले.”

“परंतु तो आणायचा कसा? हा प्रश्नचिन्ह डोळ्यासमोर उभा राहिला. लोकांसमोर कुठलीही गोष्ट जर सोप्या आणि मनोरंजनाच्या माध्यमातून आणली तर लोकांवर त्याचा नक्कीच प्रभाव पडतो हे माझ्या लक्षात आले. कारण असे अनेक ऐतिहासिक चित्रपट आजही लोकांच्या मनावर अधिराज्य गाजवत आहेत. आणि मी ठरवले की चिमाजी आप्पा हे अविस्मरणीय योद्धा आणि त्यांचे पोर्तुगिजांबरोबरचे धर्मयुद्ध यावर सिनेमा काढुन हे युद्ध का झाले, त्या वेळी होणारे हिंदू धर्मावरील अत्याचाराचे चित्रण आणि त्या जुलमी सत्तेला आणि अत्याधुनिक शस्त्रास्त्रांनी सुसज्य असलेल्या पोर्तुगाल सैन्याला चिमाजी आप्पांनी कसे हद्दपार केले हे या चित्रपटाच्या रुपाने लोकांसमोर मांडण्याचे ठरवले. निदान यावरुन तरी सद्य परिस्थितीत बदल घडून येईल. लोकांना आपल्या गडकिल्यांचे महत्व कळेल आणि राज्यसरकार आणि केंद्रसरकार सुध्दा त्या वास्तूच्या डागडूजीकडे लक्ष देऊन किल्ल्याचे वैभव पुन्हा मिळवून देण्यासाठी ठोस पावले उचलतील अशी आशा आपण करुया.”

अशाप्रकारे भावुक होऊन चित्रपट निर्माते होण्याच्या त्यांच्या प्रवासाचे आणि चिमाजी आप्पा या चित्रपटाच्या पार्श्वभूमीचे वर्णन त्यांनी केले.

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