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How one sector is the biggest cause of air pollution in Mumbai?

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Aashwin Shanker, Mumbai Uncensored, 19th July 2021:

Small, lethal particles in Mumbai’s air from the transport sector have almost multiplied
over the recent years making it now the greatest cause of the city’s now crumbling air
quality.
A 2019-20 source assessment examination for PM2.5 toxin by the System of Air Quality Weather Determining And Research (SAFAR), under the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (lITM) Pune, has uncovered that the portion of PM2.5 emanations coming from the transportation sector was 30.5% in 2019-20 when contrasted with 16% in 2016- 17.

According to SAFAR, the contribution to PM2.5 discharge from various areas between 2019-20 was 30.5% from the transportation sector, 18% from industries and power sector, and 15% from residential areas. Air has suspended particulate matter (PM) of various sizes. A considerable lot of these are a complex combination of residue, dust, sediment and smoke and they are risky. Of this, PM 2.5 is the more modest kind, with a width, not more than 2.5 micrometers (fine particles). PM2.5 is considered to have an extremely huge wellbeing sway as it can remain noticeable all around for quite a long time or weeks, also, is sufficiently little to attack the lungs.

According to SAFAR, the contribution to PM2.5 discharge from various areas between 2019- 20 was 30.5% from the transportation sector, 18% .This is a blend of both an increment in the quantity of vehicles in Mumbai and more stagnation at traffic intersections prompting blockage.” Significant urban communities like Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and so forth are seeing a huge ascent in the quantity of vehicles over the previous decade, said Beig.

“In any case, while in Delhi there is more appropriation of compacted gaseous petrol (CNG) among public transport vehicles and surprisingly private ones, the same has been extremely less across Mumbai. A larger part of the vehicles keep on being petroleum and diesel, he added.

What do specialists need to say?
In Mumbai, new ventures or force plants are not being set up, however the source which is developing keeps on being vehicles, said Anumita Roy Chowdhury, leader chief exploration and promotion, Central for Science and Environment. “Despite the fact that we need to see the specific numbers, the most recent source distribution examination appears intelligent that the vehicle area is the quickly developing source” she said.


Indeed, even as right on time as 1982, an extensive report Level of Air Pollution in Bombay – distributed in the Indian Journal of Environmental Protection had recommended that vehicles were the major guilty party prompting air contamination. “The pressing assignment is to diminish the quantity of vehicles and their development in the city. It ought not be hard to give an effective public vehicle framework,” the study had noted. Mumbai has 40 lakh vehicles starting today.

As per the Maharashtra transport division, Mumbai outperformed the milestone figure of 40 lakh vehicles recently with 11.6 lakh private vehicles and around 24 lakh two-wheelers. In 2016-17, the absolute number of vehicles remained at 30.69 lakh while the number was 20.28 lakh in 2011-12. The Economy Survey report 2020-21 Maharashtra noticed that Mumbai represented 10.3% of the state’s vehicle enlistments. Also, Mumbai’s vehicle thickness is presently more than 2,000 vehicles for each km, which implies more gridlock and more air contamination can be expected in the years to come.


Harmful gases, for example, NO2 are framed by consuming coal, oil, and emanations from vehicles that Deteriorate respiratory conditions.


How Mumbai should address rising vehicle discharges.
• Mumbai as a city forcefully requires an Electric Vehicles Policy past one for the state that has a designated order for fragment insightful (bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler and so forth) zap rapidly additional time.
•Solid on-street emanation observing framework with far off detecting innovation (which is effectively a command under the National Clean Air Activity Plan)
• Mobility procedures under the city board plan – increase the public vehicle framework, multimodular joining upheld by strolling and cycling foundation, devoted stopping strategy with an attention on air quality, low discharge zones, furthermore, expanded pedestrianization.

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Marburg Virus kills two people, the first cases confirmed in Ghana.

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Khushi Thapa, Mumbai Uncensored, 21st July 2022:

Ghana officially confirmed two cases of the Marburg virus, a highly contagious disease comparable to Ebola, on Sunday, after two patients who subsequently died tested positive for the virus earlier this month.

On July 10, tests carried out in Ghana revealed positive results; however, the World Health Organization stated that the cases had to be confirmed by a laboratory in Senegal.

Ghana Health Service (GHS) released a statement saying that additional testing at the Institute Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal, “has validated the results.”

Despite the fact that none of the contacts has yet shown any symptoms, GHS is taking steps to lessen the chance of the virus spreading, including isolating all of them.

The Marburg virus has just recently spread to West Africa twice. Guinea reported the region’s first incidence of the virus last year, but no other cases have been found.\

“(Ghanaian) health authorities have responded swiftly, getting a head start preparing for a possible outbreak. This is good because, without immediate and decisive action, Marburg can easily get out of hand,” said Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa.

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Wimbledon 2022 Women Singles Final Highlights: Elena Rybakina defeats Ons Jabeur 3-6, 6-2, 6-2, clinches Maiden Wimbledon Title

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Shobit Chandola, Mumbai Uncensored, 16th July 202:

On 9th July, 2022 the Wimbledon got its winner in the Women’s Singles with none other than Russian born Kazak, Elena Rybakina who defeated the Tunisia’s Ons Jabeur with 3-6, 6-2, 6-2. Wimbledon this year, for the first time in a while, witnessed 2 finalists seeking their maiden title. What could be termed as unpredictability is that the fan’s favourite contenders were all eliminated before. While the Record 7 Wimbledon title winner Serena Williams was shocked by H. Tan in  the 1st Round, it was Paula Badosa underperforming in the Round of 16 and  the astonishing defeat of the Former Wimbledon Champion Simona Halep in the Semifinal.That too came from the end of Elena Rybakina who vanquished Simona in straight sets 6-3, 6-3.

As could be seen in the epic thriller, the first set was won by Ons Jabeur whose drop shots and forehand made Rybakina go for many unforced errors. But post conceding the 1st set, Rybakina changed the gear for all the trailing in 1st set and ensured enough aces and volley to make it 6-2 in the 2nd set for 1-1 tie. For the 3rd set, Elena led with 2-0 but got holded by Jabeur to make it 3-2 but outshined Jabeur with a 5-2, finally breaking the latter’s serve in the decider.

Not to forget the incredible journey of Ons Jabeur so far. It was the World No 2 Ons Jabeur who became the first Arab and african women to become the Wimbledon finalist but wasn’t at her best to defeat the 17th seed Elena Rybakina who switched her nationality to Kazakhstan in 2018 (owing to the lack of funding and infrastructure for her game) before representing Russia. Just like Elena who wrote the history as the first kazakh to be claimed as winner in the Wimbledon, it could have been the same to Ons too being the first Arab and African women.Though the losing cause made the Ons emotional, it was her grit, determination and the post match interview which reflected her strong character.

In the Post Match Interview, the Introvert Champion Elena had her say on the Wimbledon title. She stated “I was super nervous before the match, during the match and I’m happy it’s finished, to be honest. Really I have never felt something like this. I want to thank the crowd for the support, it was unbelievable these two weeks,” the 23-year-old said. But also I want to congratulate Ons for a great match and everything you have achieved. I think you are an inspiration for everybody. You have an amazing game. We don’t have someone like this on tour and it is a joy to play against you. I ran so much, I don’t think I need to do fitness anymore”. With this title, Elena became the youngest player to lift the Venus Rosewater Dish since 2011.

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India’s first Monkeypox case identified in Kerala

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Khushi Thapa, Mumbai Uncensored, 15th July 2022:

India’s first monkeypox case was confirmed in the Kollam District of Kerala on Thursday.  A 35-year-old man who came from UAE was diagnosed with the disease and has been currently admitted to the Thiruvananthapuram medical college.

After developing fever and other symptoms, he first obtained medical advice from a private hospital in Kollam. He himself informed that one of his close friends in the UAE had been diagnosed with monkeypox.

The Centre assigned a high-level multidisciplinary team to Kerala on Thursday to work with state authorities to undertake public health measures following the discovery of the country’s first verified case of monkeypox in the Kollam district.

Monkeypox cases have been found in numerous locations across more than 50 nations since January of this year. According to the Minister, samples were examined at the National Institute of Virology in Pune, where the results of the testing confirmed the case in India.

According to Kerala Health Minister Veena George, the infected person is believed to have come in contact with another confirmed case in the emirates. “The confirmed case, a native of Kollam, has been isolated after he developed symptoms of the disease. He has been admitted to an isolated facility at the Government Medical College in Thiruvananthapuram. Eleven persons, who have been in touch with the infected person on his return from the UAE on July 12, have been identified as contacts and are under observation,” George said.

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